Category Archives: Dogs

Australian Shepherd Short tail Dog – My Animals

The Australian Shepherd short tail is an excellent working dog that stands out for its vitality and intelligence. Always willing to please their guardians, this breed was created to spend long days herding flocks in the countryside, but today we can find short tailed Australian Shepherds competing in a multitude of canine sports and doing all kinds of work, including animal work. company, thanks to its versatility and notable ability to adapt.




20-23 inches (male) 50-65 pounds (male) 12-15 years
18-21 inches (female) 40-55 pounds (female)

If you are a lover of this type of dog and you live (or would like to) with a Australian Shepherd short tail , you cannot miss this article in which we analyze, among many other things, its main physical and behavioral characteristics.

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Australian Shepherd short tail

Origin of Australian Shepherd short tail

The beginnings of this dog date back to the vast Australian plains of the early 19th century when English Smithfield sheepdogs began to be crossed with Australian dingoes. The objective of the breeders was to create a breed of dog ideal for working in the fields guiding and controlling the flocks, which was independent, resistant and capable of making its own decisions, but, at the same time, obedient and loyal to the shepherd.

These first Australian sheepdogs were called hall’s heelers and, although they were tireless workers, their character was very strong and sometimes they scared or injured the sheep. For this reason, it was decided to cross these dogs with a third breed: the short-haired collie . The introduction of collie genes made the hall’s heeler a more versatile and delicate dog with livestock. Over time, the breed evolved and was perfected, and in each generation the specimens with the shortest tail were selected, which became one of the most distinctive characteristics of this dog. In 2001, the breed was renamed the Australian shepherd short-tail or stumpy tail Australian shepherd and in 2005 its standard was officially established.


The Australian Shepherd short tail is a very robust dog that stands out for its great resistance, as it is capable of withstanding long days of work in the field, regardless of the conditions to which it is exposed. Its most notable physical characteristics are, first of all and as its name indicates, the total or partial absence of a tail which, if it exists, does not exceed ten centimeters in length. Thus, this Australian Shepherd is born without a tail, it is not amputated since this is prohibited. On the other hand, its ears are medium-sized, erect and triangular, and its eyes are very expressive , giving the animal an alert and intelligent appearance. The short-tailed Australian Shepherd also has a wide skull and very strong limbs that allow it to move with great skill on any type of surface.

Regarding their physical proportions, adult males have an average height that ranges between 46 and 51 centimeters at the withers, while females are slightly smaller, reaching between 43 and 48 centimeters high. The average weight of both sexes is between 16 and 23 kilograms , so the short-tailed Australian Shepherd is a medium-sized dog.

Short-tailed Australian Shepherd Colors

Not only is the tail a distinctive feature of the breed, its unmistakable coat also stands out, made up of short, hard and dense hair. The short-tailed Australian Shepherd can come in blue or mottled red .

Character of the Australian Shepherd Short Tail

The stumpy tail has an innate predisposition for work in the field and is an excellent livestock dog . Dogs of this breed usually have a very brave temperament , they are curious , attentive and remain constantly alert so as not to miss details of what is happening around them. They are also very intelligent and active dogs , so they need an experienced guardian who can train them through play and positive reinforcement, as well as getting them to do enough physical exercise.

With correct socialization from an early age , short-tailed Australian Shepherds are very accommodating and sociable animals , which do not usually come into conflict with other dogs and, despite being somewhat independent, they are very affectionate and loyal to their human family. including children. Of course, they tend to distrust strangers and can be very sensitive , so you have to treat them tactfully and understand their language well when interacting with them.

Australian Shepherd short tail Care

Being a sheepdog, the person who decides to share their life with a Australian Shepherd short tail must be aware that the dog needs a lot of physical and mental stimulation , since it has been selected to spend long hours doing work in the field. . Therefore, doing daily olfactory work, taking walks, offering the dog interactive toys, training skills, proposing challenges and working on decision-making or introducing the dog to a dog sport are good ideas to keep the animal active and healthy. Although the ideal is to have a large garden or land that the dog can access, if the tutor meets the stimulation requirements and correctly covers the dog’s needs, the stumpy tail can adapt to living without problems in an apartment or small house. .

It is very important to offer the dog a very good quality diet that allows it to obtain the nutrients and daily calories it needs, since it is a very strong and energetic animal. Whether in feed format, homemade cooked food or BARF diet , the diet must be adapted to the dog’s life stage, its level of daily activity and its state of health.

On the other hand, it is advisable to brush the Australian Shepherd short tail at least once a week and remove the entire layer of dead undercoat. In this way, not only is hair loss prevented at home, but the hygiene and quality of the coat and the correct perspiration of the skin are improved. If the animal does not have any dermatological problem, baths can be done monthly or bimonthly.

Australian Shepherd Short tail Education

The short-tailed Australian Shepherd is very attentive and intelligent, which means that it learns with amazing ease as long as it is educated correctly, understanding and respecting its language and behavior and using respectful methodologies based on positive reinforcement. This dog really enjoys training with his guardian, especially if he does it through play and if his natural herding instinct is taken advantage of.

It is important to start his education when he is a puppy and is adapting to our home. During the sensitive period of socialization (and also after this), the animal must gradually and positively know and relate to all those stimuli that it will have to face in its adulthood, such as other animals, people with different characteristics, noises. , means of transport, etc., in this way we will prevent him from acquiring fears and phobias in the future and we will ensure that he gains security and self-confidence. Likewise, walking with a harness and leash should be done well , since the stumpy tail is a very strong dog with great vitality, which makes it prone to pulling on the leash. Training the call and the bond with the guardian very well is another essential, especially when walking the dog without a leash in the countryside or the mountains. Don’t miss our article on How to Train a Puppy for more tips.

The level of activity required by this breed does not make it the most suitable for people with little experience in dog training, because if it is not educated properly, the short-tailed Australian Shepherd can easily develop behavioral problems derived from fear. , stress or frustration.

Australian Shepherd Short tail Health

The great resistance of this breed is also reflected in its health, since the Australian Shepherd is, as a general rule, a very healthy and long-lived dog . Now, the fact that it is a working animal that usually spends a lot of time in the field and outdoors makes it vulnerable to diseases transmitted by external parasites such as mosquitoes, fleas or ticks, so it is very important to protect it throughout the day. year using repellent products such as collars or pipettes, check your body carefully when you get home and go to the vet if you have any symptoms or suspicions of illness. In this other post we explain how to deworm a dog .

On the other hand, it is important to protect its pads and always keep them hydrated and in good condition, as well as check the dog after walks to locate possible spikes that have been stuck between its fingers, in its ears or in any other part of its body.

The pathologies that most often affect short-tailed Australian Shepherds, especially those of advanced age, are those of the osteoarticular type, such as dislocations, fractures or dysplasias of the elbow or hip . This last condition is the most serious and, although it can be treated and controlled, in some cases surgery is necessary to correct the problem.

Remember that, to ensure a long and happy life for this dog, it is very important to keep the annual vaccination schedule up to date, deworm it correctly and have a complete check-up at the veterinarian at least once a year. With all the necessary care, the life expectancy of the short-tailed Australian Shepherd is around 14 years.

Where to adopt a short-tailed Australian Shepherd?

The short-tailed Australian Shepherd is a highly appreciated breed in several countries, including, naturally, Australia, its country of origin. However, in Spain this dog is not well known and there are few specimens, which means that it is not very common to find them in shelters or animal shelters . However, as is the case with many dogs used for field work, sometimes those responsible for the animal discard it or abandon it if the dog does not provide the expected results. Some protective associations specialize in rescuing these types of dogs, so we recommend that you contact different rescue centers and get advice from them when adopting your new best friend. You may not find a purebred dog, but you will find a mixed breed dog wanting a second chance.

Alaskan malamute – Dog Breed – My Animals

The Alaskan Malamute  is native to the Arctic and is considered one of the longest-lived breeds in the history of sled dogs . His imposing and sober presence gives the wrong image of his real character. Its appearance similar to that of a wolf has made this breed capture the attention of all dog lovers, since its impressive size and beautiful coat does not go unnoticed. Sometimes, this breed is often confused with the Siberian Husky , however, as we will see, there are notable differences between the two.

The stories surrounding the Alaskan Malamute have also helped to engrave in the popular imagination the idea of ​​a resistant, loyal, hard-working and very noble breed. If you want to know much more about this breed, continue reading this article, where we talk in depth about the characteristics of the Alaskan malamute , also called Alaskan malamute , its origin, temperament and main care.

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Origin of the Alaskan malamute

The Alaskan malamute originated in the arctic and has the arctic wolf among its ancestors. These dogs were used by the Mahle people to pull their sleds and collaborate in hunting activities. In fact, the Alaskan malamute could carry 70 kilos on a sleigh trip and could be seen fighting with other Alaskan animals such as wolves or bears.

It is possible that the word “malamute” comes from “Mahle muit”, which would mean “people of the mahle” . The English phonetics for these two terms would have given rise to the name of the breed. As time went by, the means of transportation in the Arctic changed and dogs became less and less important. However, the wonderful Alaskan malamute continues to be used by Alaskans and is common in many countries around the world as pets.

Characteristics of the Alaskan malamute

The Alaskan malamute is a large, very strong and robust dog that is adapted to pulling very heavy loads such as sleds and up to weights of 40 kilograms. Let’s see some of the characteristics of the Alaskan Malamute:

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  • The height at the withers of the Alaskan Malamute : for males it is around 63.5 centimeters, while for females it is around 58.5 cm.
  • Weight : around 38 kilograms for males and 34 kg for females.
  • The chest : it is deep and strong, and its body is muscular but not hypertrophic. Furthermore, the Alaskan Malamute’s carriage shows dignity, pride and nobility.
  • The head : Continuing with the characteristics of the Alaskan malamute, the head of this dog is wide and deep, but well proportioned to the body. The Alaskan Malamute’s facial expression is friendly and affectionate.
  • The muzzle of the Alaskan Malamute is long and bulging, well proportioned to the rest of the skull and tapers slightly from its base to the tip of the nose. It should never be pointed.
  • The teeth close in scissors .
  • The eyes of the Alaskan Malamute : They are medium-sized, brown, almond-shaped and arranged obliquely. The malamute should not have light blue eyes (these are considered a fault).
  • The ears of the Alaskan malamute : they are medium-sized, but small in relation to the head. They are triangular in shape and slightly rounded at the tip.
  • The neck : is muscular and slightly arched. He does not have a double chin.
  • The body of the malamute : it is powerful and compact, but not short. This dog is powerful and, although not light, should not be excessively heavy. The tail is thick and densely furred. Its insertion is medial, continuing the line of the spine. The Alaskan Malamute should carry it curved over his back when he is not working.

Colors of the Alaskan malamute

This breed has two coats and is therefore prepared to withstand cold temperatures. The outer coat is thick and rough and is the protective coat of the malamute. The undercoat is very dense, oily and wool-like in texture.

As for the colors of the Alaskan Malamute, the most common is black and white , however, the accepted colors are many more, so we can find them in shades ranging from light gray to black and reddish . Combinations between colors on the inner layer of the coat and face are also accepted.

Solid colors are not accepted for the Alaskan Malamute, except for white. Likewise, irregular colors are not accepted either. In general, the appearance of the Alaskan Malamute’s hair is blanket-like. Now that you know the characteristics of the Alaska dog, let’s see its character.

Alaskan Malamute Character

It doesn’t seem like it, but the Alaskan Malamute is a docile, sociable and affectionate dog , especially with its owners and even strangers. It is very important that the malamute is owned by someone who is experienced and has been informed about the characteristics of the breed as it needs discipline. It is a very intelligent and independent dog that will not accept orders just for the sake of feeding them every day. They look for a responsible and coherent friend in their leader whom they can follow. He shows a calm, slow and relaxed character.

It is a playful dog, loyal to its master and protector of the little ones in the home. Although he is not actually a protection dog in himself, it is true that he will serve as a guard dog. With good socialization and doses of weekly training we will obtain a balanced dog due to its high learning potential .

Regarding the character of the Alaskan Malamute with other pets, it should always be under the supervision of the owner since due to its strong hierarchy instinct it can be involved in aggression with other animals, another reason why it needs an experienced owner. It is very important that we educate our children and our pet in the field of play since the large size of the Alaskan Malamute can be a problem if the game is not correct.

We will avoid pulling the pet’s tail and ears as well as violent games or games involving great body movement. For the rest, you have to be careful in the first days of interaction. In general, the Alaskan Malamute is a breed that gets along great with children and is capable of risking its life to protect the little ones in the house. You simply have to remember the correct playing guidelines for both.

Alaskan Malamute Care

High temperatures can be a very serious problem for malamutes, as well as any other breed of sled dog. It is important to keep this in mind to avoid heat shocks that can be fatal. A small apartment or house is not the ideal place for this breed.

It is preferable if you have a garden or patio where the malamute can release its energy every day. This does not mean keeping him isolated, but rather giving him the opportunity to “move his bones” every day. Some of the more specific care for the Alaskan Malamute are:

  • Feeding : this is one of the most fundamental cares for the Alaskan dog, as it provides health and energy. Their diet is simply based on a balanced and rich diet that provides them with all the nutrients but without overdoing it, as it can lead to overweight. Therefore, when they are puppies, the ideal is to give them between one and two cups of food a day . When they are adults it is best to mix wet and dry food . Additionally, you can continue feeding twice a day or just once. Finally, when the Alaskan Malamute is in its senior phase , it is best to give it wet food . Even so, we recommend that you always consult with your veterinarian.
  • Exercise : The Alaskan Malamute requires daily exercise . This exercise does not need to be extreme, but it should at least be moderate. Great care should be taken to avoid heat shock when exercising the malamute in a hot climate.
  • Grooming : This breed does not need frequent baths , but it does need frequent brushing . Depending on the climate, the malamute can lose a lot of hair, so it is advisable to brush it twice a day, slightly moistening its coat to facilitate this task and using a soft, long-toothed brush.

For the rest, we will have to take the same type of care that we would have with another dog: we will be attentive to the care of its nails and eyes, as well as its ears.

Alaskan Malamute Education

The Alaskan Malamute is a somewhat independent but very intelligent dog . He will enjoy learning all kinds of commands and also tasks at home, although we have to carry out a correct education since, due to his genetics and origin, the Alaskan Malamute dog can have aggressive behavior, as we have mentioned in the previous section. . Carrying out sessions of between 10 and 15 minutes will be enough for us to educate him.

The first thing we must do is socialize it with other animals and people , as well as teach it to live with them. We will have to practice walking because, being a large dog, it can tug at us and hurt us. On the other hand, in addition to being used as a sled dog or for carrying weights, the Alaskan dog is also a good rescue dog , as well as for people with physical disabilities.


The Alaskan Malamute is one of the dog breeds that is certainly quite healthy and very resistant and, although it is not prone to diseases, the most common ones that affect the breed are the following.

  • Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia : these are hereditary problems, so we will not be able to prevent them to a large extent unless we know the origin of our Alaskan Malamute. It consists of a malformation of either the hip or the elbow in question and is common in Alaskan malamute dogs due to their large size.
  • Heat stroke : due to very high temperatures. It is also known as hyperthermia in dogs and also usually affects overweight dogs. Furthermore, due to a lack of hydration or too much exercise, our Alaskan dog can suffer from heat stroke. If you want to know more about Heat Stroke in dogs: symptoms, what to do and treatment , do not hesitate to consult this post.
  • Kidney failure : it can affect both kidneys or just one, although we will notice its symptoms because our dog will lose weight, lose appetite, have vomiting and diarrhea, and may even go blind, among other symptoms.
  • Hemeralopia : This is the dog’s daytime blindness.
  • Eye diseases : such as glaucoma , corneal dystrophy or progressive retinal atrophy . These are diseases, again, of hereditary origin for our Alaskan Malamute. Periodic consultations with the veterinarian must be made since, as these are progressive diseases, they can lead to our Alaskan dog completely losing his sight.

For the rest, we will keep our Alaskan Malamute healthy if we keep his vaccination record up to date and go to the vet when we observe strange symptoms that are not typical for him.

Where to adopt?

After having read all these characteristics and care of the Alaskan Malamute dog, perhaps you are thinking about adopting one. It should be noted that, as we have been mentioning throughout the article, the Alaskan Malamute breed is very strong and, due to its origins and genetics, it can have behaviors that are difficult to manage for a first-time guardian, which is why this breed of dogs is more focused on those already experienced.

Even so, if you are well informed and guarantee that you will be able to provide the best care, you can try to contact clubs that have the Alaskan breed or, if not, with a canine society that is close to where you live. In any case, remember that the important thing is to be able to take in a furry dog ​​to give it the best care, regardless of the breed standard.

Irish Water Dog

The Irish water dog or Irish water spaniel is a very peculiar dog breed that stands out for two unique characteristics: its curly hair and its “rat tail.” They are one of the very resistant and hardworking dog breeds, which have traditionally been used as retrievers and hunting dogs. However, they are also excellent companion dogs that stand out for their friendly and teasing nature.

Do you want to know more about the Irish water dog or Irish water spaniel ? If so, do not hesitate to join us in the following AnimalWised sheet, in which we will talk about the main characteristics of this breed.

Origin of the Irish water dog or Irish water spaniel

The origin of the Irish water dog is unknown . There is no reliable evidence about the ancestor of the Irish water dog, since those who created the breed did not account for it. This enigma has given rise to multiple speculations about the breeds that could have given rise to this particular Irish dog. There are those who maintain that it could come from crosses between the poodle , the Portuguese water dog or the barbet , although its true origin is uncertain.

It is currently thought that water dogs originated in Persia and arrived in Ireland by fishermen from Spain and other Mediterranean countries. The first Irish reference to waterfowl hunting water dogs dates back to the 17th century, however, it was not until 1834 when the breed was officially registered.

Characteristics of the Irish water dog or Irish water spaniel

The Irish Water Dog has traditionally been used as a retriever (a dog that recovers downed prey) and as a wild bird hunting dog. It is an excellent swimmer, which stands out for its great predisposition to work and for its enormous resistance to the cold waters of the north.

It is a medium-large dog, characterized by being the tallest of all Spaniels . Females weigh between 20-26 kg and have a height of about 51-56 cm, while males weigh between 25-30 kg and measure about 53-59 cm.

The appearance of the Irish Water Spaniel has two unique and unmistakable characteristics :

  • They have dense hair , with small, well-defined curls and a natural oiliness : the coat is made up of two layers: a dense, short and thick inner layer (to keep warm) and a longer, water-resistant outer layer.
  • The tail is unique and exclusive to this breed and is called “rat tail” in dogs or “whip tail” : because it is devoid of hair and because it is considerably wider at the base than at the tip. In movement, it is carried straight almost at the level of the back.

In addition to these two peculiarities, there are other characteristics of the Irish Water Spaniel of its breed standard that should be highlighted:

  • They have a good-sized head : crowned by a bun of long, loose curls. The hair forms a kind of beard on the back of the jaw. The truffle is large and dark liver in color.
  • The eyes are relatively small and almond-shaped : in addition, the color varies from amber to dark hazel.
  • The ears are very long , lobular in shape and covered with long, very curly hair: they are set low and hang close to the cheeks.
  • The neck is long, strong and arched: it ends in a deep but not very broad chest.

Colors of the Irish water dog or Irish water spaniel

Unlike other breeds in which you can find specimens with different coats, Irish water dogs always have a pure and very intense liver color . Sometimes, they may have white spots on the chest.

Irish Water Dog Character

The Irish Water Dog is an intelligent, bold, willing and energetic animal . They are especially loyal dogs to their handlers, which makes them excellent companion animals. Additionally, unlike other hunting dogs, they are not especially vocal or noisy , making them a stalking alternative for those handlers who are especially sensitive to barking.

Due to its friendly and mocking nature , and its peculiar sense of humor, the Irish water dog is affectionately known as “the clown of spaniels”, a characteristic that makes them indistinguishable in the eyes of their handlers.

Some specimens of this breed of dog may be reluctant to contact unknown people or animals , so it is important to carry out correct socialization from an early age. Additionally, socialization of these types of dog breeds is particularly important when they are expected to live with young children.

Care of the Irish Water Dog or Irish Water Spaniel

In addition to the basic care of any breed, special attention should be paid to:

  • Activity and exercise : The Irish Water Dog is an energetic and energetic animal, requiring a high level of daily activity . To stay physically and mentally healthy, you need to take walks for a couple of hours a day. Furthermore, as a good water dog, he especially enjoys all activities that have to do with any aquatic environment. A long walk along the river or the beach will be the ideal plan for them.
  • Hair care : to keep hair clean and free of knots, it is important to brush every 1 or 2 weeks . Likewise, every 2 months it is advisable to trim your hair to fix it and give it shape. Regular exposure to water helps keep hair well curled and looking great. How to cut a water dog’s hair? We will tell you about it in the following AnimalWised article.
  • Ear care : having long and large ears, they have a special tendency to accumulate earwax and suffer from otitis . Therefore, it is important to maintain proper ear hygiene. How to clean my dog’s ears? Find out below.

Irish Water Dog Education

The Irish Water Dog is an animal accustomed to teamwork. Additionally, it has a natural instinct to please its handlers , so it is usually relatively easy to train. Their energy and learning ability make them good candidates for sports such as Agility or flyball. In addition, their sensitive nature means that they can also be used as natural therapy and assistance dogs.

As we have already mentioned, they are dogs that can be somewhat distant with unknown people and animals, so socialization must begin from an early age to avoid future behavioral problems.

Health of the Irish Water Spaniel Dog

The Irish Water Dog has a life expectancy of about 10-12 years. The health problems that occur most frequently in this breed are:

  • Hip dysplasia .
  • Hypothyroidism .
  • Entropion .
  • Epilepsy .
  • Otitis .
  • Dermatological problems.

In addition, it is worth mentioning that it is a breed with sensitivity to certain drugs , such as ivermectin , sulfonamides and some anesthetics. It is vitally important for Irish Water Dog handlers to remember this condition, as administration of these medications can be fatal.

Where to adopt an Irish water dog?

The Irish Water Dog is a rare breed , so finding a specimen of this dog breed for adoption in our country can be a complicated task . If you are thinking about including an Irish water dog in the family, you can try to contact one of the clubs of this breed to guide your search. However, remember that what is truly important when adopting a new family member is not that they meet any racial standard, but that you can adapt to their needs and lifestyle.

Irish Wolfhound Dog

The Irish wolfhound , also known as the Irish hound or Irish wolfhound , is one of Ireland’s most beloved and appreciated dog breeds. Its history is ancient and remote, since it was already mentioned by Julius Caesar in the comments on the Gallic War. At that time he was valued for his combat skills, being famous for the ferocity with which he attacked the enemy.

However, currently, the Irish Wolfhound stands out as one of the most docile and affectionate dogs. For centuries this dog breed has defended lands and animals from predators, especially wolves, which is why it has been recognized as an especially brave dog. With a gentle and very friendly character, this dichotomy has surprised those who have been able to enjoy his company. In this AnimalWised breed sheet you will discover the tallest dog in the world, so keep reading to learn all the characteristics of the Irish Wolfhound , its main care and much more.

Origin of the Irish Wolfhound

Ancient and with history, this is the Irish wolfhound breed. These dogs are believed to be descended from the first Egyptian sighthounds , which came to Ireland through the Celts, who became interested in breeding tall, large dogs. The existence of these dogs was already known in the year 391 AD, when the Roman consul Aurelius explained the amazement with which all of Rome viewed the seven animals that had arrived there as a gift. Formerly it was also known as “cu”, since in Ancient Rome it was baptized as ” Cú Faoil “, which in Gaelic means “hound”.

Until the 17th century, Irish sighthounds were dogs highly prized by European and other monarchs. In fact, pairs of these dogs were offered as gifts and were used to protect flocks from wolves. However, at the end of the 17th century the decline of the breed was so pronounced that there were fears of its disappearance , since the populations of the large animals it used to hunt, such as the Irish elk or the wolves themselves, had already decreased too much. It was thanks to a British Army captain named George A. Graham that the breed was able to rise from the ashes, since it was he who rescued it by crossing Irish sighthounds with bulldogs and Scottish sighthounds . Thus, at the end of the 19th century , the Irish wolfhound became part of Irish culture and became a symbol of it, as well as of the Celtic passage that so characterizes it.

Despite being a very old breed, it was not until 1879 that it was officially recognized by the Kennel Club and until 1955 by the International Cynological Federation (FCI).

Physical characteristics of the Irish wolfhound

Given its dimensions, it is normal that when talking about characteristics, the first thing that comes to mind is the size of the Irish Wolfhound. We are facing the tallest dog , because even competing with the colossal Great Dane , the Irish greyhound gains in height. However, it is important to highlight that the largest dog in the world to date, as a whole, is the Great Dane. Specifically, the minimum height at the withers for a male Irish wolfhound is 79 centimeters, with an average of between 81 and 86 cm , being at least 71 in the case of females. Of course, this great height is accompanied by a high weight, 54.5 kg in their case and 40.5 kg for women, all at least.

This great giant has a long body and broad chest, a slightly arched back and a long, slightly curved tail covered by a good layer of hair. The head of an Irish wolfhound is elongated, measuring the same width of the skull as the length of the snout, which has a pointed shape. The ears are small and shaped like a rose, just like a greyhound . The eyes are dark and medium in size.

In general, it is very similar to the Scottish deerhound, although the Irish deerhound is larger and more robust.

Irish Wolfhound Colors

The coat of an Irish greyhound is made of hard, strong , wire-like hair, especially in regions such as the lower part of the jaw or around the eyes. A curious fact is that during its origins there were specimens with hard hair and others with straight hair. However, probably due to the climate of Ireland, the hard hair ended up predominating, and that is why today this is the accepted coat of the breed. As for the colors of the Irish Deerhound, it can be grey, brindle, black red, pure white, fawn or any other color that appears in the deerhound.

Irish wolfhound puppy

Since it is a giant breed, already during the puppy stage we see a large dog. Thus, an Irish Wolfhound puppy of about 3 months can weigh around 15 kg .

Character of the Irish Wolfhound

Although due to its warlike and combative history we may see the Irish Greyhound as a dangerous or hostile dog, nothing could be further from the truth. These dogs are extremely docile and very peaceful . In the past, the following saying ” lambs in the home, lions in the hunt ” was attributed to them , from which we can deduce that as pets they are friendly and very loyal dogs, being known as the ” gentle giants ” of the canine world.

These dogs adapt to almost any type of coexistence, whether with children, the elderly, other animals, other dogs…, since their nobility is such that there will hardly be any confrontations with anyone who is part of their family, which they defend. without hesitation, being a great protective dog . Likewise, we are dealing with intelligent and somewhat reserved dogs, especially with strangers, although not aggressive. However, as we have just mentioned, their protective instinct can lead them to confront anyone they consider to be a threat.

Irish wolfhound care

The care of the Irish greyhound must focus on brushing its hair , which must be done at least twice a week , thus avoiding the formation of tangles or tangles. Baths should be limited to when strictly necessary. These dogs need to do at least one hour of physical exercise a day , this being of a high intensity. This does not mean that you should only take a long walk, far from it! Like any dog, they need to go out a minimum of three times a day, but at least one of the walks should be long and intense enough so that the dog can release all its energy. We will have to complement this with a balanced diet , which covers their energy and nutritional needs, but controlling the quantities, since they are quite gluttonous.

As for space, it is recommended to have an Irish Wolfhound in a spacious place, such as a country house or some land where it can move, so it is not the best option to have it in a small apartment. Even so, it is not a race that should live in isolation abroad . His sociable and affectionate character demands a family that includes him in the family nucleus and allows him free access to the interior of the house.

We must keep in mind that the Irish Wolfhound has been bred as a hunting and flock protection dog, so it not only needs to receive physical stimulation, but also mental stimulation. For this reason, environmental enrichment at home is equally important , so we must offer him toys and dedicate time each day to playing with him.

Irish Wolfhound Education

Irish sighthounds are a relatively easy breed to train, as they are intelligent and respond wonderfully to positive training . Therefore, when training an Irish Greyhound, as with any other dog, it is essential to use positive reinforcement as the main tool and avoid punishment, shouting and any type of violence.

The ideal is to start training when the dog is still a puppy , promoting the home rules established by all members of the family unit. It is not necessary to always use snacks for positive reinforcement, we must also use our voice or caresses to reinforce their behavior. We will teach him to bite gently and urinate on the newspaper until he can go out to relieve himself on the street.

The socialization of the dog will be another fundamental and essential aspect, since it will depend on it learning to relate correctly with all types of people (children, adults and the elderly), animals and environments. Likewise, we will also introduce you to basic obedience commands , essential for good communication with tutors and appropriate behavior. Later we will be able to introduce you to advanced education.

Irish Wolfhound Health

Unfortunately, the Irish Wolfhound is one of the dog breeds with the most health problems. Some of them are common in giant breeds, such as hip or elbow dysplasia . Likewise, they often show a tendency to develop bone cancer or osteosarcoma, hypersensitivity to anesthesia or medications, liver bypass, or heart conditions such as heart failure caused by dilated cardiomyopathy , in which the heart muscle becomes so thin that its capacity is impaired. of contraction.

However, one of the most relevant dangers when talking about Irish wolfhounds, as it is typical of giant or large dogs with deep chests, is the dreaded gastric torsion , in which what occurs is a swelling of the stomach, which is It distends as a result of excess air or gas, twisting and preventing that gas from being released, which affects blood flow and can cause the death of the animal in a short period of time. Some recommendations to avoid stomach twisting are to put food high instead of at ground level, avoid physical activity right after eating, or give them large amounts of food in a single feeding. To act quickly we must recognize the symptoms, which include lethargy, distended abdomen, unproductive attempts to vomit or restlessness. If we recognize them, we will have to go urgently to the vet to try to save our dog and recover.

Apart from these conditions, we must keep our Irish greyhound with regular vaccinations , regular deworming against parasites, both internal and external, and regular visits to the veterinarian for periodic checkups every 6 or 12 months. With this and all the necessary care, the life expectancy of the Irish Wolfhound is between 6 and 10 years .

Where to adopt an Irish Wolfhound?

It is difficult to find Irish sighthounds for adoption outside of Ireland. However, given their size, many people abandon them to their fate when they leave the puppy stage behind. For this reason, we recommend going to shelters, shelters, associations and rescue centers for the breed to ask if they have a specimen with the characteristics of the Irish greyhound. Keep in mind that the important thing when adopting a dog is not that it meets a breed standard, but that its character, size, etc., adapts to our lifestyle so that we can cover all its needs. So, don’t rule out mixed breed dogs.

Lancashire heeler Dog

If you like dogs with an elongated body and short legs, you will fall in love with the Lancashire Heleer. This small dog descends from the famous Welsh corgi and the not so well-known, but charismatic and energetic, Manchester terrier, two dogs traditionally used for different tasks and that have contributed important physical and behavioral traits to the Lancashire heeler.

If you are a dynamic and adventurous person, the Lancashire heeler will not hesitate to accompany you on all your trips and shower you with affection and affection. Although he tends to be somewhat nervous and stubborn, he is an ideal dog for those who, with patience, dedicate their time to socializing him and educating him positively. If you want to know more about this tireless sheepdog, keep reading! Because in this AnimalWised article we tell you everything you need to know if you want to adopt a Lancashire terrier or if you already live with one at home. Discover the characteristics of the Lancashire terrier and let yourself fall in love with this incredible dog.

Origin of the Lancashire Heeler

The first records that refer to this breed date back to the 17th century and locate it in the county of Lancashire (England). However, the exact moment in which the Lancashire Heeler originated and litters began to be raised independently is not entirely clear and it is suspected that this breed is even older than is believed. Apparently, this curious dog was born thanks to the cross between a Welsh corgi , from which it inherited its body morphology, and a Manchester terrier , which provided, among other things, the characteristic black and tan color of the Lancashire heeler’s coat.

In England, its country of origin, the Lancashire Heeler began to gain fame as a herding dog and was mainly used to control livestock in the countryside and to guide them from farms to city markets. But this was not the only function of the dog, since this dog was also highly appreciated for its hunting instinct and its ability to catch the rats and mice that sneaked into the houses and ate the crops.

Lancashire heeler breeding has been almost all this time limited to a very specific area of ​​England, which is why it has been on the verge of extinction on more than one occasion. However, and although it is still considered vulnerable, in 1981 the breed was officially recognized and its expansion began, especially to the United States, the Nordic countries and Central Europe.

Characteristics of the Lancashire Heeler

The first thing that catches the attention of the Lancashire Heeler is, without a doubt, the shape of its body, since this dog measures on average 2.5 centimeters longer than it is tall , presenting a morphology very similar to that of the Welsh corgi. The height at the withers is about 30 cm, while the weight ranges from 6-8 kg. Although its body and small size make it seem slow and somewhat clumsy, the truth is that the Lancashire Heeler is a powerful, agile dog with a lot of energy. Its limbs are short and muscular and its tail is of medium length and curves slightly upward, especially when the dog is alert.

Continuing with the characteristics of the Lancashire Heeler, the ears of this dog are triangular and remain erect , in an attentive attitude. On the other hand, their eyes are almond-shaped and are usually dark brown, except in the case of liver-colored specimens, which have lighter eyes. Its snout is of medium length and tapers until it reaches the nose, which can be black or brown.

Lancashire Heeler Colors

Regarding its coat, the Lancashire Heeler’s coat is short, hard and thick and has a dense layer of undercoat that is much softer and finer than the hair on the outer coat. The most common color is black and tan , although there are also liver and tan specimens . It is possible that some individuals are born with a white spot, especially on the chest, although this is not the most common.

Character of the lancashire heeler

The lanchasire heeler is an extraordinarily faithful, affectionate and affectionate animal with its human family, with the members of which it establishes a very strong bond. It has a lot of energy and enjoys playing, walking or doing sports outdoors, so it is important that its guardian is a dynamic person who has enough time to cover the dog’s social, physical and psychological needs. Likewise, it is recommended that whoever adopts a Lancashire Heeler has some previous experience in canine education and training, since this breed can be very stubborn and needs good socialization to avoid developing behavioral problems, especially towards other dogs.

This dog also stands out for being a great home watchman, as he is always alert to what is happening around him. However, he tends to be friendly and sociable with everyone. Its intelligence and ability to learn and adapt to the environment is very remarkable and it shows instinctive behaviors of both a sheepdog and a hunting dog, inherited from its ancestors, the Welsh corgi and the Manchester terrier. In fact, the name “heeler” refers to their tendency to nibble the ankles (“heels” in English) of other individuals, which is precisely what sheepdogs do to guide flocks through the countryside.

Care of the Lancashire Heeler

The Lancashire Heeler does not require particularly expensive or unusual care, making it an easy dog ​​to maintain. Regarding its coat, it is necessary to brush it with some frequency to remove all excess dead hair and allow good skin perspiration, especially in summer and during the shedding season. Using a quality brush and combing the dog once or twice a week will be enough to keep its coat healthy. If there are no dermatological problems, it will be enough to bathe him once every month or every two months.

Likewise, it is recommended to check your ears and clean them at least once a month or every time excess earwax or dirt accumulates, to avoid otitis and other otic problems. Of course, and as with any other breed, it is important to accustom the Lancashire Heeler to brushing its teeth and do it at least once a week, since in this way we prevent the formation of tartar and plaque.

Finally, you must ensure that this breed gets enough physical exercise to avoid becoming overweight. The ideal is to take the dog for a walk about three times a day and do so in enriching environments (parks, fields, etc.), occasionally offering it the opportunity to interact with other dogs or explore freely. In the case of individuals who frequently walk on rough terrain or who, for example, are at risk of getting burned by asphalt, it is essential to protect and keep their pads hydrated, as well as trim their nails if they grow excessively.

Lancashire Heeler Education

This breed, traditionally used as a herding dog, is very intelligent and has a great decision-making capacity, which means that it quickly learns what it should do at all times and acts autonomously to achieve its goals, becoming an independent animal. Now, this does not mean that it does not develop attachment to its guardian, quite the opposite, since the Lancashire Heeler loves to be in the company of its human family.

Anyone who adopts a dog of this breed should know that patience and positive reinforcement are essential in their education. The Lancashire heeler will be happy to learn new skills and train with his tutor as long as the sessions are short, dynamic and fun for the furry dog. Punishments and harmful tools (pronged collars, choke collars, electric collars, etc.) are absolutely contraindicated and can cause serious emotional and behavioral problems in the dog.

During the puppy stage, the dog must be socialized so that as an adult it does not present problems of fear or insecurity towards other animals, people, noises or objects. An ethologist or canine educator can advise you during this socialization process. Likewise, it is important to teach the animal to respond to the call , since the Lancashire Heeler tends to run after anything that catches its attention and can get lost or have an accident if it escapes.

In general, we are dealing with a somewhat stubborn breed, so it is important to take into account the advice mentioned and some experience. A first-time caregiver may feel frustrated when he or she does not achieve his or her goals. Therefore, in these cases, we recommend going to a professional canine trainer. Also, don’t miss this other post on How to Train a Puppy .

Lancashire Heeler Health

This breed is very robust, it easily endures long days of work in the field and has a coat adapted to resist low temperatures. However, it is vulnerable to some conditions, many of them congenital and/or hereditary, especially those that affect sight. Some examples of common eye pathologies in the Lancashire Heeler are:

  • Collie eye anomaly : as its name indicates, the breed most commonly affected by this pathology are border collies, however, it is also common to find it in the Lancashire terrier. The anomaly is congenital and hereditary and consists of a thinning of the vascular tissue present in the back of the eye. Sometimes, the disease does not progress and the animal does not suffer any complications, although it may also be the case that the dog’s vision is partially or totally affected, developing blindness in the worst case.
  • Primary lens dislocation : In this case, the dog’s lens moves either forward or backward, causing swelling, irritation and pain in the eye. The most effective way to solve a dislocation or subluxation of the lens is intraocular surgery, especially in the case of dislocations with forward displacement.
  • Persistent pupillary membrane : this pathology, usually congenital, occurs as a result of a malformation during ocular development that can cause vision problems or lead to the appearance of cataracts. It is usually diagnosed when the dog is only a few weeks old and, depending on its severity, it can be treated or operated on.

On the other hand, patella luxation or elbow dysplasia are also relatively common conditions in this breed, especially in elderly individuals.

If the animal is vaccinated correctly, provided with a quality diet adapted to its needs, the presence of external and internal parasites is effectively prevented and veterinary check-ups are carried out with some frequency, the Lancashire Terrier is a long-lived dog that It can live up to 14 or 15 years.

Where to adopt a Lancashire heeler?

The Lancashire Heeler is a vulnerable breed and, although it is relatively common to find it in some countries such as the United Kingdom or the United States, it is not well known in the rest of the world, and it is very rare to see dogs of this breed in Spain. However, in practically all cities and municipalities in our country there are shelters, shelters or kennels where it is very common to find small dogs, many of them with characteristics similar to those of the Lancashire Heeler, both physical and behavioral. Mixed-breed dogs or those used for work in the fields are, unfortunately, abandoned every day and need a home and a family. For this reason, at ExpertoAnimal we encourage you to contact shelters and animal associations when looking for a dog to share your life with.

Tibetan Terrier Dog

Despite being classified within the group of terriers , the Tibetan terrier differs greatly from its congeners, not presenting the typical character and characteristics of other terrier breeds. Formerly they accompanied Buddhist monks, luckily today they accompany many families around the world, which is understandable given their affectionate and playful personality, in addition to their intelligence and docility. In this AnimalWised file we will see the entire history and evolution of the Tibetan terrier dog , as well as all the details about its care and education.

History of the Tibetan Terrier

As their name indicates, Tibetan terriers come from the Tibet region (China). There these dogs served in the monasteries as guardian animals, while accompanying the monks and guiding their flocks. Due to its remote origins and the isolation of the area of ​​origin, the breed has remained practically unchanged over the years, being one of the best preserved today.

The origins of the Tibetan terrier dogs date back more than 2,000 years , and it is said that they arose when the Tibetans decided to separate the large dogs, from which the current Tibetan bulldogs descended , and the small ones, that is, the Tibetan terrier, which are precursors of breeds such as the Tibetan spaniel, or the Polish lowland sheepdog.

The breed arrived in Europe in the 1920s, after a doctor, named Agnes Grey , attended to some locals who had it as a pet, who after receiving medical attention gave her one of the puppies that her dog had lighting. That puppy became part of a breeding program, and subsequently traveled with her owner to England in 1922. In 1930 the breed was officially recognized by the Kennel Club of England (KCE), and its expansion throughout Europe became especially notable in the 40s. Finally, he arrived in the United States in 1956, where the American Kennel Club recognized him in 1973.

Formerly known as Tsang Apso ” shaggy dog ​​of the province of Tsang “, it took the name terrier because foreign travelers saw it very similar to the terriers known in Europe, which is why they baptized it as Tibetan terrier. Other names are Tibet Apso or Dokhi Apso.

Characteristics of the Tibetan Terrier

Tibetan terriers are medium-sized dogs , weighing between 8 and 12 kilograms, and with a height at the withers ranging from 35 to 45 centimeters, with females being slightly smaller than their male counterparts. Their life expectancy normally ranges between 12 and 14 years , with some specimens reaching 17.

Some characteristics of the Tibetan terrier dog breed are:

  • Its body is solid and compact : square in shape.
  • Its head is also square in shape : lining up on the snout, and presenting a stop.
  • A notable characteristic in the breed standards is that the distance from the nose to the eyes must be the same as that of the eyes and the base of the head : these eyes are round, large and expressive, dark brown in color, somewhat lighter tones being accepted if the coat is also a very light color.
  • The ears of Tibetan terriers are fringed : “V” shaped and hang on the sides of the skull.
  • Its fur is dense, as it has a double layer : the outer coat is long and straight and the inner coat is thinner and woollier , which makes it an insulator against the inclement weather typical of its region of origin.

Tibetan Terrier Dog Breed Colors

The coat colors of the Tibetan terrier dog breed can cover the entire color spectrum , except for chocolate and liver.

Now that you know the characteristics of the Tibet terrier, let’s focus on what its character is like.

Character of the Tibet Terrier

Despite being within the terrier category, the Tibet terrier differs from its peers in that it has a much sweeter and more docile character . He loves to play and spend time with his loved ones, although he is wary of strangers. If he is going to live with children, we must get them both used to living together and interacting respectfully. That is why we must educate our terrier from a young age and ensure that socialization is full and satisfactory.

They are tenacious and very brave , if the situation requires it they will prove to be undisputed heroes. Many of the Tibetan terrier dogs serve as therapy dogs , collaborating in sessions for the benefit of various groups, such as children, the elderly or people who need care.

They are sociable animals, which do not tolerate loneliness well , since they need constant affection and attention. If they have that, there will be no problem with them living in a flat or apartment. As long as they can release their energy with long walks, we will have a playful, happy animal. and balanced with which to enjoy great moments.

Tibetan Terrier Care

  • Food : we must choose a balanced diet adapted to the needs of both the breed in general, that is, a medium-sized dog with long hair, and our animal in particular, adapting the diet to its specific nutritional needs, if, for example, our pet If you suffer from kidney or liver failure, or if you have heart problems, we can find feed and products on the market that address these vitamin deficiencies and the most convenient levels of minerals, proteins, fats and carbohydrates to improve or maintain your health.
  • Exercise : as we have mentioned in the section on the character of the Tibetan terrier, it is a playful and active dog, so it will need at least an hour of daily exercise . Don’t hesitate to teach him tricks and play with him when you go out for a walk, as he will always be receptive.
  • Grooming : because its hair is long and dense, our Tibetan terrier will need our attention, as we must brush its coat frequently so that it remains soft and shiny, thus avoiding tangles and knots. It is also recommended to give it at least a monthly bath , to keep it clean and neat. Because they have a significant amount of hair on the inside of the ears, we will have to be attentive and, if necessary, peel that area, as complications may arise due to knots or the accumulation of dust or humidity.

Except for this brushing, the Tibetan Terrier will need the attention of any other breed, such as brushing its teeth several times a week, providing it with sufficient physical activity time, cutting its nails regularly or cleaning its ears with ear products suitable for use in dogs.

Tibetan Terrier Education

In general, Tibetan terriers are easy dogs to train , but we have to be constant and dedicated when it comes to their training, since they are stubborn and sometimes we will need a lot of energy and patience to make their training effective and satisfactory.

One of the most relevant aspects in the training of this breed is socialization , this must be carried out from the earliest possible ages , since otherwise difficulties may arise when living with both people and other animals. This happens due to its distrustful nature and its skills as a guard dog, but if we follow the guidelines and are patient and constant, we will undoubtedly achieve our goal, since we are dealing with a friendly breed with surprising adaptation capabilities.

It will also be essential to teach him the basic orders of obedience .

Tibetan Terrier Dog Health

In general, we can say that the Tibetan terrier is a breed with enviable health, however, they may present some hereditary pathologies such as hip dysplasia , which will require constant veterinary supervision, carrying out the appropriate radiological tests and providing them with supplements such as chondroprotectors, which help keep joints in good condition.

In turn, the breed is considered to be somewhat prone to developing progressive retinal atrophy and retinal dysplasia, which can cause problems as considerable as blindness. Likewise, we also highlight cataracts and ocular dislocation as common pathologies.

This is why we have to carry out regular veterinary check-ups , every six or twelve months . It will also be essential to identify the Tibetan terrier with a microchip and tag, as well as follow the vaccination schedule and deworming routine . In this way we can prevent and detect various diseases promptly.

Where to adopt a Tibetan terrier dog?

Although the Tibetan terrier dog breed was not well known in Spain until the 1960s, the reality of the 21st century is very different. Its distribution is now much wider and dog lovers do know this breed native to Tibet. It should be noted that, although getting a Tibetan terrier dog is easy when it comes to purchasing, at AnimalWised we always encourage the adoption of dogs. For this reason, you can go to the animal shelters closest to your home or visit a breed club that you think may have a Tibetan terrier dog.

Even so, we want to emphasize that what is important when adopting a dog is not the physical traits it presents, but the possibility of offering it a better life based on affection and optimal care.

maltese bichon

The Maltese is a toy-sized breed of dog that emerged from the Mediterranean, with Italy taking sponsorship of the breed. The origins are associated with Italy, Malta and the island of Mljet (Croatia). Even so, its origin is somewhat uncertain. The breed was genetically selected to achieve smaller and smaller individuals and thus reach a miniature size. In this AnimalExpert breed sheet we present the characteristics, character and care of the Maltese Bicho.

Origin of the Maltese

As we mentioned in the introduction, the origin of the Maltese dog is not entirely clear . The vast majority of historians associate the origin of the Maltese bichon with the island of Malta, in the south of Sicily, although the International Cynological Federation (FCI) does not describe it that way. There is confusion between the data and evidence of the existence of bichon dogs 2,000 years ago and the origin of the word “Maltese.”

The FCI explains that it is a Semitic derivation of the word “malàt” and that Maltese does not mean that it comes from Malta. On the other hand, it was the Phoenicians who brought the ancestors of this race from Egypt more than 2,000 years ago. In the tomb of Ramses II you can see stone statuettes in the shape of today’s Maltese.

What is known with certainty is that the bichon dog was a great representative of high royalty . In addition, it is worth mentioning that the first written record of the Maltese dog was made by Aristotle, who described it approximately in the year 370 BC. Finally, we cannot forget that this breed of toy dog ​​almost disappeared from the “breeders” of the 17th and 18th centuries. and their desire to make them perfect and smaller.

Finally, in 1954, and under patronage, the FCI recognized the Maltese dog as an official breed.

Physical characteristics of the Maltese

The Maltese is a very small dog that usually weighs between 3 and even 4 kilograms and is no more than 25 cm tall . Due to its size, it adapts perfectly to small apartments. Some of the most notable characteristics of the Maltese are the following:

  • The nose is black : in addition to having a snout of medium length and a slightly pointed shape.
  • It has floppy ears : they are very characteristic of the Maltese dog, plus they have a lot of hair on them.
  • The eyes are black : just like the truffle.
  • Its tail has a curly elevation : it is located on the back and is very thick.
  • It has a very proportional build : both the head and the body correspond in size and, in addition, the skull has a rounded shape. Even so, its legs are short.
  • The white coat stands out : a single layer of smooth, long and silky fur.

Maltese Bichon Colors

Organizations only allow the color white , although we can find it with gold spots. If we review history, due to the multiple crossings that were made with the Maltese bichon in the 18th century, up to nine different breeds emerged with different colors, obviously.

From 1902 to 1913, bichon dogs of solid or parti colors were accepted in England. Even so, it was not until 1950 that white was established as the only color of the Maltese.

Since you already know the characteristics of the Maltese, you may be wondering : How do you know if a Maltese is authentic? We tell you the answer in this AnimalWised post.

Character of the Maltese

In general, the Maltese is a happy and fun dog, as well as affectionate with its caregiver. He is a good companion dog and not at all lonely, he likes to enjoy people and pets. He has a protective nature and will love having toys and other items to chew on at his disposal. It should be noted that the Maltese dog is somewhat nervous and playful and therefore suffers if it spends too much time alone at home.

It is an ideal dog for adults although it may not relate well with children who demand too much play, manipulate it excessively or treat it like a toy. If we explain to them how they should relate to the dog, there will be no problem.

We must also keep in mind that due to its small size, the Maltese dog can be seen as a threat to other dogs. Therefore, we will encourage you to play and socialize with other pets, that way we can enjoy the company of several dogs at the same time.

How to socialize a puppy dog ​​correctly? Discover the answer in this AnimalWised post.

Maltese Bichon Care

Maltese dogs require extra care that is not as common in other breeds. These cares are:

  • Feeding : it is highly advisable to feed them with good quality feed, since it is a dog that will ask us pleasantly and excessively for human food and if we encourage it, it may reject the feed. Giving him human food is a problem, since it does not have some enzymes that catalyze certain foods and this can initiate an allergy.
  • Exercise : They do not require much physical exercise and walking twice a day will be enough to cover their needs. Ideal for people with limited mobility. Even so, we recommend taking walks with him so that he does not lose the social habit and enjoys the surroundings.
  • Grooming : Due to its long, fine hair, we must take care to brush it regularly with special combs. It is possible that skin problems or knots may appear and that is why some owners bathe too frequently (normally every month and a half). At the hairdresser they will inform us about the types of haircuts for the Maltese. The most characteristic is to leave their hair long and simply cut the ends (typical in exhibitions) although many prefer to cut their hair drastically, achieving the puppy effect. We will also take into account daily grooming that includes cleaning the eyes, tear ducts and muzzle. It is a good way to prevent the formation of brown stains around these areas. You may be interested in checking out How to Bathe a Maltese .

Now that you know what the characteristics of the Maltese are and how to care for them, let’s focus on their education.

Education of the Maltese

It is a very intelligent dog that will have no difficulty learning tricks and being disciplined. They can be trained to do pirouettes, stand on their hind legs, etc. Of course, it is essential to socialize him, since he is a small alarm dog and when the doorbell rings, he may begin to show hostile attitudes towards people who do not show him affection or attention.

As for the relationship with children, it is somewhat complicated. Both because of their long hair and their special character, it does not always fit well with them. What the Maltese likes is to be treated with respect and affection, never with blows or hair pulling. Although it is not a generality, it may not be the most suitable dog for them because they can get angry if they do not feel well. In addition, due to their small size, it is common that they can break bones or fracture if children play too roughly with them.

The Maltese perfectly accepts the company of other dogs and pets, although it has a predilection for those of its own breed. He is very communicative and active, so he will play elegantly with his companions.

Maltese health

Although in general, the Maltese is a healthy dog, it can have some health problems or diseases such as:

  • Knee or patella problems : being overweight aggravates and promotes this disease. Therefore, we will ensure that the doses of food it receives are appropriate for its size and daily physical activity.
  • Allergies to certain human foods.
  • The type of hair can also cause conjunctivitis or eye irritation .

Other diseases that affect them may be cancer, heart disease or kidney failure . Regular visits to the veterinarian will prevent and facilitate the detection of these problems.

Where to adopt a Maltese?

Now that you know the Maltese dog, its characteristics and care, you are probably thinking about adopting one. Whether it is because of its spectacular physique or its curious character, the Maltese is a dog that needs attention because, as we have mentioned before, it does not tolerate loneliness well.

The good thing about the Maltese dog is that it is a very popular breed of dog, so in Spain there will be no problem finding it. You can go to any animal shelter or shelter to see if they have a purebred specimen.

In the event that it is not there, at ExpertoAnimal we want to emphasize that the important thing when it comes to having a dog in our life is not its physical appearance, but rather giving it the best possible care.

miniature pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is one of the most dynamic and confident of small dogs. The miniature pinscher of German origin comes from several dog crosses and although it looks like it, it is not the little brother of the Doberman. The miniature pinscher has a predominant and strong character. Although he is very affectionate and sociable with his loved ones, he is not so affectionate with other animals, especially if he is not well socialized as a puppy. In addition, he is a dog that does not sit still and needs a lot of physical activity, but he can still live perfectly in small houses or apartments.

If you are thinking of adopting a miniature pinscher, in this AnimalWised breed sheet we are going to show you everything you need to know: characteristics, character and care of the miniature pinscher.

Origin of the miniature pinscher

The miniature pinscher originates from Germany , from crosses between the German pinscher , the Italian greyhound and the dachshund (sausage dog). Many people think that this pinscher is a miniaturized Doberman, but this is not true. Although both breeds share some ancestors, the Miniature Pinscher is much older than the Doberman .

Today the miniature pinscher is one of the most popular and beloved small dogs, although taking care of it can require more effort than for other breeds of small dogs, due to the character and dynamism of this dog. It is also known as min pin, min pin and dwarf pinscher. The original name of the miniature pinscher in German is zwergpinscher .

Characteristics of the miniature pinscher

The miniature pinscher is the reduced version, without dwarfism, of the German pinscher . It is small, with a square profile (body length equal to height at the withers) and short hair. Its lines are fine and elegant. The height at the withers for males and females is 25 to 30 centimeters and the weight is 4 to 6 kilograms .

Some of the characteristics of the miniature pinscher are:

  • The head of the miniature pinscher is elongated : with a soft but clearly defined naso-frontal depression (stop). The nose is black and the snout ends in the shape of a truncated wedge.
  • The eyes are dark : they also have an oval shape.
  • The ears are erect or folded in a “V” shape. In the past, it was customary to cut the ears to ensure that they remained erect, but fortunately that practice is disappearing.
  • The body of the miniature pinscher is short, small and compact : the chest is moderately wide and the flanks are drawn back but not excessively.
  • The tail must be in the shape of a saber or sickle : the breed standard accepted by the International Cynological Federation ( FCI ) indicates that the tail must be natural, that is, not docked.
  • The miniature pinscher’s hair is short : in addition to being thick, shiny and close to the body.

Miniature Pinscher Dog Colors

As we have mentioned in the characteristics of the miniature pinscher, it has a shiny and thick coat, as well as short. The hair of the miniature pinscher dog can be unicolor :

  • red deer
  • Red brown
  • Dark brown red
  • Black
  • Fire

Character of the dwarf pinscher

Miniature pinschers are dogs that are full of life, dynamic, curious and fearless . They are dogs with a strong and brave temperament, despite their small size. The socialization of these dogs is very important and should not be taken lightly.

When they are not properly socialized they tend to be reserved with strangers, quarrelsome with other dogs and aggressive with other pets. When they are well socialized from puppies, they can tolerate strangers and other dogs willingly, but they are not usually very sociable animals. Of course, miniature pinschers are very affectionate with theirs .

Additionally, if you are considering adopting a Miniature Pinscher, you should know that they can be destructive if they get bored or if they are left alone for very long periods. They can also be somewhat noisy, but are generally not as barky as other small dog breeds.

How to socialize a puppy dog? Discover the answer in the following AnimalWised article.

Miniature Pinscher Care

Specific care for the miniature pinscher is as follows:

  • Feeding : Both dry food and canned wet food will satisfy your miniature pinscher’s appetite. If it is between 2-6 months, you should offer it food between 3 and 4 times a day. From one year of age, we will dose the rations to 2 meals a day. It must be taken into account that the amount of food must be adjusted to the age, size and lifestyle of the dog.
  • Exercise : These dogs are very active and need a good daily dose of physical and mental exercise , but due to their small size they can cover their exercise needs inside the house. That does not eliminate the need for daily walks, since in addition to exercise, they have to socialize. If you want to adopt a miniature pinscher, you should know that they adapt perfectly to living in small houses or apartments. Although they enjoy a garden to play, they are not dogs suitable for living outdoors. If you’re wondering how much exercise should a dog get a day? Do not hesitate to consult the following article that we recommend.
  • Grooming : Caring for the coat is easy and does not require much time, as weekly brushing is usually sufficient. You only have to bathe your miniature pinscher when it gets dirty and not very frequently. How to bathe a dog at home? We’ll tell you then.

Miniature Pinscher Education

Dog training gives very good results with this breed if it is done with positive reinforcement. However, traditional training is not good due to the independent temperament of these dogs and because some of the traditional techniques are too violent to apply to such small dogs. Therefore, one of the solutions is clicker training , which gives excellent results.

We tell you more about Positive Reinforcement in dogs in the following AnimalWised post.

Dwarf Pinscher Health

The Miniature Pinscher tends to be a healthy dog ​​and the breed is not particularly prone to canine diseases. Occasionally it occurs:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy .
  • Patellar dislocation : but not with very high incidences.
  • Obesity : it can be a problem, because miniature pinschers tend to be very gluttonous. How to avoid obesity in dogs? We’ll tell you then.

Where to adopt a miniature pinscher?

After having read about the Miniature Pinscher and its temperament, you may have doubts about adopting a specimen of this breed of dog. The truth is that the dwarf pinscher can be found in both animal shelters and shelters , but if you do not find any specimen that suits what you are looking for, you can always try to find it in a breed club .

When you adopt him, you will probably wonder how to know if he is a true miniature or dwarf pinscher. In these types of situations, at ExpertoAnimal we want to remember that the important thing is not that the dog meets the official breed standards, but that we offer it the best possible life.

German Shorthaired Pointer

Although it is classified among pointing dogs, the German Shorthaired Pointer is a multifunctional hunting dog , being capable of performing other tasks such as retrieving and tracking. This is why it is highly appreciated among hunters.

Their origin is not very well known, but what is known is that they are very intelligent and loyal dogs, that they need a large dose of daily physical activity, and that they are not suitable for living in small spaces such as small apartments or houses. They are also very playful and sociable, both with children and other pets, so they are recommended for families with children. If you want to adopt a German Shorthaired Pointer , don’t miss this AnimalWised breed sheet to know everything about these dogs.

Origin of the German Shorthaired Pointer

The history of the German Shorthaired Pointer and, as a hunting dog , is little known and very confusing. It is thought that he carries Spanish Pointer and English Pointer blood , as well as other breeds of hunting dogs, but his pedigree is not known with certainty. The only thing that is clear about this breed is collected in the book of the origins of the German shorthaired pointer or “Zuchtbuch Deutsch-Kurzhaar”, a document where Prince Albrecht of Solms-Braunfels established the characteristics of the breed, the rules of the judgment of morphology and, finally, the basic rules of working tests for hunting dogs.

The breed was very popular and still is among hunters in its country of origin, Germany. In other places in the world it is not so common to find German shorthaired pointers, but they are very well known among fans of small game hunting.

Physical Characteristics of the German Shorthaired Pointer

According to the FCI standard, the characteristics of the German Shorthaired Pointer are as follows:

  • Height : 62 to 66 centimeters for males and 58 to 66 centimeters for females.
  • Weight : The ideal weight is not indicated in this breed standard, but German Shorthaired Pointers usually weigh around 25 to 30 kg.
  • Build : The German Shorthaired Pointer is a tall, muscular and strong dog, but it is not heavy or coarse. On the contrary, it is a beautiful and well-proportioned animal.
  • Back : It is strong and well muscled, while the loin is short, muscular and can be straight or slightly arched.
  • Chest : It is deep and the lower line rises slightly to the height of the belly.
  • Head : It is elongated and noble in appearance. The skull is wide and slightly domed, while the stop (naso-frontal depression) is moderately developed. The snout is long, wide and deep.
  • Eyes : They are brown and dark, medium in size.
  • Ears : they hang on the sides of the cheeks, with rounded tips, and are slightly bent forward.
  • Tail : It is set high and should reach the hock when hanging. The dog carries it horizontally or slightly in a saber shape during the action. Unfortunately, both the breed standard accepted by the International Cynological Federation (FCI) and the breed standards of other organizations indicate that the tail should be docked approximately in half in those countries where such activity is permitted.
  • Coat : covers the entire body of the dog and is short-haired, tight, rough and hard to the touch.

German Shorthaired Pointer Colors

It can be colored:

  • Solid Brown
  • Brown with small white spots
  • brown roan
  • White with brown head
  • Black
  • black roan

Now that you know the characteristics of the German Shorthaired Pointer, let’s see what character it has and what its care is.

Character of the German Shorthaired Pointer

The hunting nature of this pointer defines its temperament. The German Shorthaired Pointer is an active, lively, curious and intelligent dog that enjoys outdoor activities in the company of its loved ones. If you have a suitable place and enough time to keep these dogs, they can become excellent pets for dynamic people and families who enjoy outdoor activities. These pointers do not usually make good pets for sedentary people or families or those who live in apartments or small houses.

When socialized from an early age , the German Shorthaired Pointer presents itself as a friendly dog, both with strange people, as well as with dogs and other animals. In these conditions he is usually very friendly and playful with children. On the other hand, if you are going to live with small pets, it is important to put a lot of emphasis on their socialization from a puppy , since their hunting instincts can emerge as an adult.

Their great dynamism and strong hunting instincts often cause behavioral problems when these dogs are forced to live in apartments or in densely populated areas where they cannot release their energies. In these cases, dogs tend to be destructive and confrontational . Additionally, German Shorthaired Pointers tend to be noisy animals, barking frequently.

You can find out more information about The Destructive Dog, its causes and solutions in this other AnimalWised article that we recommend.

German Shorthaired Pointer Care

Among the care of the German Shorthaired Pointer, we can define that it needs the following requirements.

  • Food : Being a large dog, and with a past as a hunter, the German Shorthaired Pointer needs a considerable amount of food. On a daily basis, we will give him between 450 and 520 grams of dry food. This does not mean that we should overdo the portions. Rather, we will have to consult with our veterinarian about his exact needs in order to offer him the best possible diet. Remember, they should always be portions high in protein and low in fat .
  • Exercise : German Shorthaired Pointers need to be accompanied much of the day and need a lot of physical and mental exercise . For this reason, they do not adapt very well to apartment life or densely populated cities. The ideal for these pointers is to live in a house with a large garden or in a rural area where they can run more freely. They still need daily walks to socialize and exercise.
  • Grooming : Although the German Shorthaired Pointer sheds hair regularly, caring for its coat is simple and does not require much effort or time. Regular brushing every two or three days is enough to keep the coat in good condition. If the dog is dedicated to hunting, it may be necessary to brush it more frequently to remove stuck-on dirt. Additionally, you only have to bathe the dog when he is dirty and it is not necessary to do it very frequently. We leave you these two articles on Recommendations for brushing my dog’s hair or How to bathe my dog ​​at home?

Education of the German Shorthaired Pointer

It is easy to train these dogs for hunting, since their instincts direct them towards that activity. However, the dog training necessary for a pet dog can encounter some difficulties because German Shorthaired Pointers are quite easily distracted . Still, they can learn many things and become excellent pets if educated through positive training. However, traditional training does not work as well with this breed.

If you want to know what Positive Reinforcement in dogs consists of , here we leave you this article so you can consult it.

German Shorthaired Pointer Health

The German Shorthaired Pointer is one of the healthiest dog breeds, but it is still prone to diseases common to other large breeds. Diseases of the German Shorthaired Pointer include:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Entropion
  • gastric torsion
  • progressive retinal atrophy

It should be noted that it is also susceptible to lymphatic obstruction and ear infections .

Where to adopt a German Shorthaired Pointer?

After having reviewed all the characteristics of the German Shorthaired Pointer, you are probably thinking about getting one. First of all, from ExpertoAnimal we want to remind you that the important thing is not the dog’s physical appearance, but the fact of being able to offer it a good life . If you can’t find a purebred, you can always look for other dogs that have similar characteristics to the German Shorthaired Pointer.

On the other hand, we also want to emphasize that whenever we can we should adopt dogs and not buy them. As we have mentioned, German shorthaired pointers are well known among dog lovers but it is not easy to find them. Therefore, it is advisable to go to an animal shelter or a breed club to see if they have a dog like the one we are looking for. Otherwise, we can also approach an animal shelter to see if there is any luck there.

Whippet Dog

The whippet dog is one of the lightest greyhounds, reaching a reduced size compared to other sighthounds. This dog looks like a small greyhound, and was formerly used as a hunting and racing dog. Of British origin, the whippet is a really popular dog, generally for its slender and elegant bearing. It is an active, playful and very sociable dog that undoubtedly reminds us of the English sighthound.

If you are thinking of adopting a whippet and have questions about its size or weight, you have come to the right place. In this AnimalExpert breed sheet we will detail with you everything you need to know about the whippet dog , its characteristics, origin and care , among many other things. Do not miss it!

Origin of the whippet

Of British origin, the whippet dog originated from the crossing of the greyhound and terrier type dogs . The crossings made gave rise to one of the fastest dogs that currently exist, capable of reaching 60 kilometers per hour in a few seconds. In fact, the whippet is the dog that achieves the greatest acceleration.

In the beginning, whippets were considered the small and light version of the English greyhound , but as they developed, breeders wanted this type of dog to also achieve the resistance of the Italian greyhound. These dogs were used as racing dogs and hunting dogs for hares and rabbits. Currently these activities are not common and pet whippets that enjoy a peaceful life without having to work are becoming more and more common.

It should be noted that the whippet dog breed was not officially recognized by the Kennel Club in England until 1890 and, in fact, in 1899 the Whippet Club Foundation was created.

Whippet Dog Characteristics

Even though the breed standard accepted by the FCI indicates that the appearance of the whippet combines power and strength with elegance and graceful lines, it is difficult to appreciate the power and strength of this dog breed at first glance. On the contrary, a general look at the whippet usually suggests that it is a delicate and fragile dog. However, a deeper knowledge of the breed reveals strong and resistant dogs, with a very good predisposition to physical activity .

Some of the characteristics of the whippet, also known as the long-necked dog, are:

  • The head of the whippet is long and thin : flattened at the top. It tapers towards the snout, which is also long and thin.
  • The eyes are oval : bright and with a very lively expression.
  • The ears are small and rose-shaped : they also have a fine texture.
  • The neck is long and muscular : it has an arched appearance.
  • The back is wide : firm and somewhat long, while the loin is strong and slightly curved.
  • The chest is deep : it has a low and well-defined chest, and continues with the well-retracted abdomen.
  • The whippet’s tail is long : it ends in a sharp point. Although the dog picks it up when active, he never carries it above his back. The coat is fine, short and tight, and can be any color.
  • The size of the whippet varies between males and females : in males it ranges between 47 and 51 centimeters. The height at the withers of females ranges between 44 and 47 centimeters. Weight is not indicated in the FCI breed standard, but whippets usually weigh between 9 and 20 kilograms.

Whippet character

The whippet has a calm, gentle, sweet and sensitive character . He can be reserved with strangers, so it is advisable to socialize him as a puppy to avoid shyness problems when the dog is an adult. However, some reserve with strangers can be useful if you want an alarm guard dog.

Positive training works very well with whippet dogs and is the style of dog training that should be chosen for this breed. Clicker training is perhaps the most advisable variant of positive training for training a whippet.

These dogs tend to get along well with children , as long as the latter do not bother or harm them. They are not dogs that like rough play and, therefore, are not the best pets for young children. Yes, they are excellent pets for older children who are capable of controlling themselves and treating their dog well.

It is not easy to have a whippet along with another small pet, since these dogs have a strong hunting instinct and tend to chase and capture all small animals that move quickly. There are several known cases where whippets have injured other pets, such as cats and rabbits. However, they usually get along well with other dogs.

How to socialize a puppy dog ​​correctly? Discover the answer in the following AnimalWised article.

Whippet Care

Due to their thin skin and short coat, these dogs are very sensitive to the cold and should be protected with dog clothing during cold weather. Otherwise, we can watch our elegant dog tremble. Some of the specific whippet care are:

  • Diet : Due to the whippet dog’s build, they have a fast metabolism. This means they have to eat less, but more times a day. Don’t forget that it is also a dog that moves a lot, so it needs constant nutritional value.
  • Exercise : They can adapt to living in an apartment, but need to get intense exercise on a regular basis. We must not forget that they are greyhounds and, as such, they need to run to release their energy. Therefore, it is best if you have a fenced garden where the whippet can run freely. If you do not have a garden, it is advisable to give the whippet, at least once a day, the opportunity to run freely in a pipi-can or fenced enclosure. With about three walks a day and some time in freedom, our whippet will be really happy.
  • Grooming : The whippet’s short coat is easy to maintain. Regular brushing and occasional bathing are usually sufficient. Of course, the whippet loses hair regularly. Additionally, you have to keep in mind that due to the quality of their hair, you must use a soft brush and products without aggressive components.

whippet education

The whippet is a shy dog ​​but will interact with other dogs without problems if we provide it with good socialization from its puppy stage. To do this, we will introduce you to other dogs, cats and pets on a regular basis, as well as people and objects of all kinds. This point is very important if we want the whippet to live with other pets besides dogs. Discover more important things in our complete guide to puppy training .

Like any other dog, the whippet must learn basic commands that provide security wherever it is. Additionally, this will allow him to develop good mental health and a good relationship with you.

Whippet Health

Whippet greyhounds have an average lifespan of between 12 and 15 years , but they can be subject to some ailments that are relatively common in the breed. Therefore, these dogs can suffer from:

  • waterfalls
  • Heart problems
  • progressive retinal atrophy
  • Thyroid problems
  • Hypersensitivity to chemicals and medications

Additionally, they have very thin skin that can be easily injured. By following the dog’s vaccination schedule and going to the veterinarian every 6 months, we can prevent many health problems or treat them promptly when they appear.

Where to adopt a whippet dog?

As we have mentioned, whippet dogs were very popular at the time in which they originated. This popularity continues to boom throughout Europe, but especially in England. Technically, in Spain it is not difficult to adopt a whippet dog, but until you delve into the real search, you do not know the real answer.

To adopt a whippet you can try visiting different animal shelters and shelters that are close to where you live, and you can also choose to go to a breed club where they can have specimens. Remember that what is important is not the dog’s physical characteristics, but being able to offer it the best possible life.