Pomeranian Dog

The Pomeranian dog breed is a toy or mini size dog , that is, it is very small. You should know that there are many people who think about adopting this wonderful long-haired dog, either because it is hypoallergenic, because of its intelligence or because of its affectionate and noble character. Without a doubt, he is a good companion that will bring us joy and happiness on a daily basis. The origins of this spitz-type dog are European and perhaps for this reason it is widespread in Spain, the United Kingdom or Germany among many other countries in the world. Today it is a very popular breed of dog.

In this AnimalWised breed sheet we show you what the Pomeranian dog is like, we will talk to you about its origins, character and physical characteristics as well as its training and the most common diseases it usually suffers from. You will find everything about the Pomeranian below. Don’t miss the characteristics of the Pomeranian, its character and more !

Origin of the Pomeranian

The Pomeranian dog breed is born in an ancient duchy called Pomerania , located between Germany and Poland. Unlike the current Pomeranian, the first specimens were much larger in size. They were basically used as livestock dogs: they controlled sheep, cattle and deer. Its original name was “ Wolfspitz ” which, literally translated, means spitz wolf.

For a brief period it was also popular in Russia and Siberia where it was used as a sled dog. Although we have few historical references, the truth is that it is believed that the Pomeranian was a very widespread and popular dog in various European areas such as the United Kingdom.

It was popularized in ancient Greece and later in Rome, being the favorite dog of ladies who had a certain purchasing power. It is at that same time when the selection of certain specimens for reproduction begins: a small size and an affectionate and friendly behavior are sought in this breed, very different from what it previously had as a wolf repellent . In the same way, certain colors are enhanced.

Pomeranian characteristics

The Pomeranian is a European spitz-type dog, accepted by the FCI within group V: spitz-type and primitive type dogs and although we know it as a Pomeranian or dwarf spitz, its official name is still “wolfspitz”. Unlike the ancient Pomeranians who weighed around 23 kilograms, the current breed standard is between 1.8 and 2.5 kilograms . We therefore determine that it is a toy or miniature size dog . In addition, it is worth mentioning that the size of the Pomeranian dog must be completely proportioned and balanced, being small and compact but well balanced.

The most notable characteristics of the Pomeranian are the following:

  • Their fur is quite long and silky : so it will be essential to comb it regularly. Currently the “puppy cut” is very popular and the Pomeranian with short hair acquires a unique and very sweet appearance. Many people claim that their coat does not cause allergies, the Pomeranian is a hypoallergenic dog.
  • Their ears are small : set high.
  • The Pomeranian’s tail rests on the back : it always does so horizontally and also has a high insertion. These are other characteristics of the Pomeranian that attract a lot of attention.
  • Its head is triangular : we could say that it is the most outstanding characteristic of all of the Pomeranians, since this gives it an appearance similar to that of a fox. This is a very curious and “funny” trait, due to its small size and the tiny snout it has.

Pomeranian dog colors

The accepted colors of this breed are mainly black, brown, white, orange, grayish and it is estimated that other colors may also be included. The wide variety of colors is truly surprising.

Pomeranian character

The Pomeranian dog has long since lost its instincts as a livestock dog. As we have explained previously, when it became popular as a companion dog, certain physical characteristics were selected, but some behavioral characteristics were also selected to make it a home dog . Currently he is a very affectionate and lap dog , who hates loneliness and lack of attention. He is also very active, alert and intelligent, even curious.

The Pomeranian dog breed is for very different families but we must be clear before adopting it that it will need several walks, constant attention and time to educate it. We must also highlight that, sometimes, the Pomeranian can become a very barking dog, we must be prepared in this regard.

His treatment of children has varied enormously in recent generations. In the last century it was considered that it was not appropriate for the little ones since it tended to be little patient with pulling its tail and hair, even reacting negatively. Currently, the Pomeranian dog is more affectionate, calm and patient, but for an excellent coexistence it is important to teach children how to relate to it : always in a positive way and never hurting it. Respecting the dog and leaving him alone when he growls (growling is a completely normal and habitual form of communication) will help us avoid any incident.

Pomeranian care

The Pomeranian does not require excessive care but, even so, we have to take into account the three fundamental pillars that form the care of any dog: food, hygiene and exercise. Therefore, below we are going to talk about what the care of the Pomeranian is following these sections.

  • Food : Even if it is a toy or mini Pomeranian, the fact that it is a small dog does not mean that we do not have to take good care of its diet. Therefore, we should always look for foods that have more meat and less grains. In addition, the Pomeranian needs small doses of food distributed in meals throughout the day. We will not have to offer him a lot of food since due to his size he will not need it. Even so, the best option is to consult with the veterinarian what type of feed or food is best for your Pomeranian dog.
  • Hygiene : we will brush him regularly to remove dirt and prevent the appearance of knots in his coat. We must also remove the rheum every day and check it to make sure everything is still perfect. On the other hand, we emphasize that it is important to protect him from the cold , especially if we notice that he is shivering, we must provide him with a coat to go out for a walk, special clothing for small dogs .
  • Exercise : again, although we are dealing with a small, toy or mini dog breed, it does not mean that it needs less exercise. On the contrary, we have to make sure that we cover the daily walks of our Pomeranian dog. To do this, the little furry one will need to go out between 45 and 90 minutes a day .

We give you more information about ” Pomeranian care ” in the following AnimalWised article. Do not miss it!

Pomeranian dog education

The Pomeranian is known as a very intelligent dog , so much so that at times it can become excessively pampered. We must be firm in his education and establish some prior guidelines before adopting him: let him climb the sofa or not, when and where he should eat, etc. Regularity and stability will be a very important factor in making our Pomeranian feel comfortable and comfortable at home.

In his puppy stage we must actively practice socialization , a stage in which we teach him to relate to people, children, dogs , cats and objects. Everything that he knows in a positive way in this process will help us in his adult stage, being a very sociable dog without fear. It is the basis of his education.

Once the dog begins to reach youth, we will proceed to introduce him to basic obedience, always using positive reinforcement . Teaching him to sit, come here, lie down or stay still will be basic premises for his safety and for him to listen to us. It also strengthens your relationship .

Later you can train your Pomeranian to apply advanced commands and fun tricks, thanks to its intelligence you will have no problem teaching it.

Pomeranian health

If you are thinking about adopting a Pomeranian puppy, it is very important that you know the hair loss that usually occurs between 4 and 8 months of age . It is a completely normal and normal phase, you should not worry. At that moment the Pomeranian loses practically all of its hair to give way to the coat it will have in its adult stage.

On the other hand, you should know that continued crossing of specimens from the same family can lead to serious genetic problems . This usually happens in certain kennels, non-approved places and when any dog ​​is bred without any knowledge.

Eye diseases are present in Pomeranians, especially in very elderly dogs. It is a normal condition that affects geriatric dogs .

Dislocation (incorrect position of the bone), dental discomfort or open forehead (a problem that leaves an area of ​​the skull open) are other problems that can affect you, although they are less common.

Taking him to the vet every six months and regularly checking his face, correct movement of the limbs and the entire body in search of bumps, will be a way to detect a possible disease. Obviously you must also have your vaccination schedule up to date as well as use pipettes and internal dewormers.

Where to adopt a Pomeranian dog?

At ExpertoAnimal we do not encourage the buying and selling of animals, so answering the question “how much does a Pomeranian cost” is out of our reach. In order to have a specimen with similar characteristics, whether physical and behavioral, to the Pomeranian, we recommend that you go to an animal shelter, a shelter or a breed club that is close to where you live.

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